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What an year! I never thought I could give up meat, or that I would learn so much in the process. In fact it went so well that I'm trying a vegan diet for all of 2014.  Learn more about what started me on this year long experiment here. 

If you are thinking about giving up meat, lessening your meat intake, or if you just want to read more about the experience, here are the top 7 lessons I learned from being vegetarian  in 2013. 

1. It was a lot easier than I expected

Doing my own cooking and shopping made it easy to avoid meat, and around 99% of restaurants I visited had a vegetarian option (so many veggie burgers). Initially I was worried about being a burden on friends or hosts, but people were more than happy to accommodate my diet if I gave them advance notice. My friends and family all had different opinions, but they supported my choices. 

Part of that ease came from experience and preparation. I’d spent a year eating meat once or twice a month, so I didn’t really crave meat and knew how to make vegetarian meals and supplement my protein. If you want to try being vegetarian, I'd start by gradually removing meat from your diet over a period of 1-3 months.

2. I saved a lot of money 

Total savings: $750. I saved about $1 every lunch and dinner from skipping the meat, and benefited from cheaper prices for vegetarian dishes at restaurants. 

Lentils=Money in the bank. 

I'd never thought about being vegetarian to save money. Plant proteins just turn out to be cheaper than animal proteins. Lentils, dried beans, garbanzo beans are all less expensive than the cheapest, lowest grade meat. Just check your local grocery store.

3. Vegetarian does not automatically equal healthy, that part takes work.

Just the act of removing meat doesn't mean replacing it with plant protein, fruits, and vegetables. Knowing this, I used being vegetarian as part of an intentional overhaul in what I eat and consider “desirable” food. 

Luckily, the process was helped by how great I felt. After about a month of effort I settled into a groove of healthy eating that was self-reinforcing. It worked something like this - I ate lots of plant proteins, vegetables and fruits, which made my body feel great, which made me want to eat more good food, which made me feel even better, and so on.  I still indulge now and then in chocolate or coconut milk ice cream, but now I enjoy the food I "should be eating" just as much if not more than the food that I shouldn't. To really eat healthy, you have to start loving the experience of wholesome food, which takes time. 


4. Be ready for lots of questions

Most people, to their credit, and quite curious about someone not choosing to eat meat. Here are some of the questions I get all of the time, along with my responses. It's been great practice for me, and I've been able to improve my answers every time someone new asks. 

Why are you Vegetarian/Vegan?

Again, here is the link to last year’s blog on going vegetarian for a more in depth explanation, but the elevator pitch it simple.

  • Health – Eating more fruits and vegetables makes me feel physically and mentally better.
  • Sustainability – Factory Farming of animals does an unbelievable amount of damage to the environment, with more greenhouse emission than the entire transportation sector (planes, cars, trains, etc.) See this infographic for more details
  • Ethics – I can eat and be healthy without killing animals or causing them suffering. 

What do you eat? How do you get protein?

My meals are a combination of vegetables (fresh tomatoes, broccoli, carrots, etc. etc. etc.) , protein packed beans, lentils and quinoa, spinach, lots of nuts, and other scrumptious ingredients. Veggies and hummus and carrots with natural peanut butter are go to/can’t miss/live for snacks.
Humans have been eating meat forever. Why stop now?

Just because something has been happening for a long time does not mean it should persist into perpetuity. We have to evaluate the positives and negatives of any tradition to assess if we want it to continue. Things aren’t ok just because they’ve been done for a long time.  

How do you you feel? Weak? 

While being vegetarian I trained six days a week in swimming, biking, and running, raced two triathlons, ran a half-marathon, and felt physically and mentally sharper than ever. So I feel great!  Cue list of vegetarian Olympians and great athletes

How do you justify eating plants?

I want to stay alive, which means I have to eat something. Sorry plants, I choose you, mostly because I don't think your suffering is comparable to that of fish/cows/pigs/chickens. 

What about being Vegetarian in Kenya?

Being vegetarian/eating less meat doesn't make sense in every context. Would I recommend the diet to goat herders in arid rural Kenya? Definitely not. Mainly because you can't grow crops in that climate, and eating animals in needed for survival.  

What About if I Hunt or Fish everything myself, or have my own cattle/animals?

Well that would be a lot better! You'd be eliminating heaps of suffering, environmental destruction, and would probably appreciate the meat you were eating way more than something from the grocery store.

But should you kill an animal that you don’t need for health/survival?


People love meat, those habits are never going to change, so why care? 

The meat eating habits of our society have changed, and very recently. Americans eat 150 times more chicken then we did 80 years ago (Source: Eating Animals). 150 times! I think eating less meat as a society is both possible and absolutely necessary. Everyone could easily become a weekday vegetarian (only meat on the weekends, described in this video), or eat meat once a week or once a month.

If we are going to kill animals and eat them, why not revere the practice, instead of making it another forgettable part of our day? 

5. It's off limits to ask - why do you eat meat?

While it's not actually illegal, this question comes with some social stigma. And that's frustrating, because a double standard is applied to conversations about meat. I get asked every question in the book, but asking back is stepping over the line. To be clear, I like answering questions about my eating habits, and doing so has improved my rationale for not eating meat. I’m not comfortable asking the same questions back, mostly because I’m very aware of the overly-righteous vegetarian stereotype, and don't want to be pushy. 

I’d love to get some answers to this question in the comments of this blog. Taste? Tradition? I’m curious to hear what people have to say. 
 

6. Figuring out the ethics of killing animals is not simple.

These are the kind of questions I’ve been struggling with other the past year.
  • If the death of an animal is unnecessary for my survival and health, is it morally ok to kill it? 
  • Is death different than a life of suffering and imprisonment to harvest the byproducts of a cow or chicken (eggs or milk)?
  • Dying is a natural part of life, animals die in nature and all animals will die eventually. Does this give us the right to raise animals specifically to die?

Every person will have a different answer to the above questions. You might be unhappy with the inhumane treatment of animals and environmental impact of factory farming, and decide to pay more and buy your meat from local farmers. You might decide you don't want to cause any animal deaths, but needs eggs and dairy products in your diet. Regardless of the ending point, everyone should begin the journey and start thinking deeply about the food that you consume. 

7. Changing my diet has made me more interested in cooking, health, and food production. 

I'll let these three fascinating, inspirational TED videos do the talking.

Jamie Oliver: Teaching every child about food. 
Roger Doiron - On how Americans need to start growing our own gardens again. 
Dan Barber - How he fell in love with a sustainable fish farm.

Summarized: We absolutely need to teach kids how to cook and how to pick healthy food, gardens can be a source of food, savings, and power, and animal farming can be a positive force for good.  Along with eating less meat, I'm excited to help a generation of Americans learn to cook, care about food, avoid diet-related health problems and pass on that knowledge to their children. 

Change is a strange process. It’s a combination of articles, books, movies, and influential relationships that have changed my dietary habits over the course of three years. It takes time, and without some of those pieces I wouldn’t be writing about being a vegetarian. 

My journey to learn more about what I eat, where it comes from, and how it is produced has transformed my life for the better. I'm a more thoughtful, caring, and appreciate person now that I've taken the time to deeply explore my eating habits, and it's an adventure that's just beginning.  


I can't wait for my next meal. 



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Kurt Berning

Hug the Rhino
For a better life
...Appendix...

Articles/Books/Movies on Food

Books

  • Michael Pollan's "The Omnivore's Dilemma"
  • Michael Pollan's "Food Rules"
  • Michael Pollan's "In Defense of Food"

These books are all great intro's to start thinking more about the food that you eat, the time it takes to prepare a meal, and the path of food from farm to plate. 

  • Peter Singer's "Animal Liberation"
  • Jonathan Safran Foer's "Eating Animals" 

These books focus on the ethics of eating animals, with Singer's deep questions about the ethics of eating animals, and Foer's exploration of the suffering present in modern factory farming. 

Movies/Documentaries

  • Forks Over Knives (The Priority)
  • Fat, Sick, and Nearly Dead
  • TED Videos (all the ones listed in the article)

Forks Over Knives is about eating yourself to health, instead of being cut open on the operating table. Fat, Sick, and Nearly Dead is similar, without being as well done. The TED videos are all great intros to caring about food issues. 

One Last Question
Thought I'd save this question for extremely dedicated readers, since it's only come from my family. 

Your grandpa was a dairy farmer, how can you not eat beef or drink milk? 

My grandfather had a dairy farm 50 years ago. Today the pigs and sheep are gone, and the dairy farm has been out of business for 40+ years. 

It’s easy to see why. In the last 50 years, the average cost of a new house has climbed nearly 1500 percent, new cars have climbed 1400 percent, but milk is only up 350%, and eggs and chicken meat haven’t even doubled. Taking inflation into account, animal protein costs less today than at any point in human history (Source: Eating Animals). With such a low price point, quality suffers, and so do the animals.

No one in my Grandpa’s family raises cows anymore.